• 10:05 – 10:35


Crossbreeding of MEMS, CMOS, CSOI, Optics and Assembly

This presentation will describe one aspect of the increasing complexity in MEMS foundry services including the resulting challenges and potential solutions.

The clear separation of raw wafer production, MEMS- and ASIC-manufacturing as well as packaging trend to vanish. Just some examples:

  • The raw wafer type CSOI requires MEMS processing and application of the product design.
  • Using the ASIC as cap for the MEMS requires stringent adaption of ASIC- and MEMS-design and -topography, as well as postprocessing of CMOS wafers in MEMS fabs.
  • Also the combination of MEMS and ASIC portions on one piece of silicon drives the need for mixed-mode fabs
  • Many MEMS types are made in ASIC facilities and in some cases, it is a pure question of definition, whether a product is named MEMS or ASIC, for example CMUTs or immobile optical MEMS architectures. This trend is accelerated by the need of typical CMOS tools, like ArF lithography for certain MEMS, like in some medical applications.
  • 3D stacking of CMOS, MEMS and III/ / V semiconductors drive new production approaches
  • Many more


Cost, size and performance requirements drive not only the transition from macromechanics to MEMS. It also supports an integration of MEMS and ASIC. Obviously, the alignment of ASIC and MEMS technology is crucial for the set up and the success. Additionally, some MEMS require processes, which are today available typically only in ASIC fabs, like lithography for narrow line widths, which are beyond i-line capability.

Cavity SOI is arising as a new category of raw wafer material. It provides additional options for future MEMS technologies. Since the mask layer “cavity” is designed depending on the product, a cooperation or merge of MEMS and raw wafer production is required.

The wafer fab to run such kind of mixed-mode device has to produce and control CMOS, MEMS and some assembly processes including cross contamination aspects.

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Dr. Stefan Majoni photo

Dr. Stefan Majoni

Director Foundry MEMS


Stefan Majoni studied chemistry in Hannover and completed his PhD in solid state physical chemistry in 1994

He developed semiconductor lithography processes for DRAMs with IBM and ASICs with Philips.

Since 2005, he joins the Bosch MEMS team in several management positions, primarily in development and partly in production.

Stefan currently drives MEMS foundry service as director for Bosch.

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The Bosch Group is a leading global supplier of technology and services. It employs roughly 402,600 associates worldwide (as of December 31, 2021). The company generated sales of 78.7 billion euros in 2021. Its operations are divided into four business sectors: Mobility Solutions, Industrial Technology, Consumer Goods, and Energy and Building Technology. As a leading IoT provider, Bosch offers innovative solutions for smart homes, Industry 4.0, and connected mobility. Bosch is pursuing a vision of mobility that is sustainable, safe, and exciting. It uses its expertise in sensor technology, software, and services, as well as its own IoT cloud, to offer its customers connected, cross-domain solutions from a single source. The Bosch Group’s strategic objective is to facilitate connected living with products and solutions that either contain artificial intelligence (AI) or have been developed or manufactured with its help. Bosch improves quality of life worldwide with products and services that are innovative and spark enthusiasm. In short, Bosch creates technology that is “Invented for life.” The Bosch Group comprises Robert Bosch GmbH and its roughly 440 subsidiary and regional companies in some 60 countries. Including sales and service partners, Bosch’s global manufacturing, engineering, and sales network covers nearly every country in the world. With its more than 400 locations worldwide, the Bosch Group has been carbon neutral since the first quarter of 2020. The basis for the company’s future growth is its innovative strength. At 128 locations across the globe, Bosch employs some 76,100 associates in research and development, of which more than 38,000 are software engineers.

The company was set up in Stuttgart in 1886 by Robert Bosch (1861–1942) as “Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Electrical Engineering.” The special ownership structure of Robert Bosch GmbH guarantees the entrepreneurial freedom of the Bosch Group, making it possible for the company to plan

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